FACTORS YOU CAN’T CHANGE
Both men and women can suffer from breast cancer, however women have the highest risk for developing breast cancer. This is due to the presence of two hormones, estrogen and progesterone that responsible for the development of breast cancer cells.
The risk for breast cancer increases with age. Most breast cancer are diagnosed after the age of 50 and above.
Inherited mutation of genes BRCA1 and BRCA2 increase the risk of developing breast cancer. In normal cells, BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes protect you from getting certain types of cancers. However, mutation of these genes prevents them from working properly.
If you had one first-degree female relatives (mother, sister, daughter) diagnosed with breast cancer, your risk doubled. If you had two first degree female relatives been diagnosed, you risk is 5 times higher than normal. If your father or brother diagnosed with breast cancer, your risk is higher too.
Women who are diagnosed with breast cancer are more likely to get breast cancer at second time in the other breast or another part of the same breast.
Women who have early menstruation at the age before 12 years old and menopause after 55 years old are more likely to develop breast cancer. This is due to longer exposure of female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone during their lifetime.
White women are more likely to get breast cancer than Asian, Hispanic and native-American women. However, black women are more likely to die from breast cancer.
Women with dense breast tend to have breast cancer. Dense breast has more connective tissues and make it harder for mammograms to detect a breast cancer.